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Several Flaws Affect the Juniper Junos OS

Multiple high-severity security flaws in Juniper Networks devices have been discovered. The most serious is a CVSS score of 8.1 for a remote pre-authenticated PHP archive file deserialization vulnerability tracked as CVE-2022-22241. The vulnerability was found in Junos OS’s J-Web component. An attacker can exploit the flaw by sending a specially crafted POST request, causing deserialization that could result in unauthorized local file access or arbitrary code execution.

“Multiple vulnerabilities have been found in the J-Web component of Juniper Networks Junos OS. One or more of these issues could lead to unauthorized local file access, cross-site scripting attacks, path injection and traversal, or local file inclusion.” reads the advisory published by the vendor.

“Phar files (PHP Archive) files contain metadata in serialized format, which when parsed by a PHP file operation function leads to the metadata getting deserialized. An attacker can abuse this behavior to exploit an object instantiation vulnerability inside the Juniper codebase.” reads the analysis published by Octagon Networks.

“This vulnerability can be exploited by an unauthenticated remote attacker to get remote phar files deserialized, leading to arbitrary file write, which leads to a remote code execution (RCE) vulnerability.”

Other vulnerabilities discovered by the experts are:

  • CVE-2022-22242: pre-authenticated reflected XSS on the error page.
  • CVE-2022-22243: XPATH Injection in jsdm/ajax/wizards/setup/setup.php
  • CVE-2022-22244: XPATH Injection in send_raw() method.
  • CVE-2022-22245: Path traversal during file upload leads to RCE.
  • CVE-2022-22246: PHP file include /jrest.php.

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